Tuesday, September 25, 2012

Hunger in Africa

Here are some facts on food security in Africa:

 Hunger in Africa is the highest in the world.

According to the UN's Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO):One out of three persons in Sub-Saharan Africa is undernourished.

According to the African Human Development Report of 2012   that focuses on improving food security: Over 41% of children, under the age of five in Sub-Saharan Africa, had stunted growth. Their projection for 2020 only went down by 1%.
In the June, 2011 quarterly issue of the African Food Security Brief , they report that Sub-Saharan African countries reported an increase in cereal production in 2010 from 2009, but it failed to result in increased food security in many of the countries studied.

Where there is no freedom, no voice or no justice, the rights and interests of the people are ignored, forgotten or abused. Modern-day dictatorships set the foundation for the second scramble for African resources.

  Africans are among the least free people on earth. According to a 2012 report from Freedom House,   five of the ten countries in the world suffering the greatest aggregate declines in freedom from 2007 to 2011, were in Africa. Topping the list of those countries experiencing the greatest declines in freedom over the past two years were: The Gambia, Ethiopia, Burundi, Rwanda and Djibouti. In Sub-Saharan Africa, 82% of the countries studied were only partly free or not free; contrasted with Europe, where 96% of the countries are free, with only 4% being partly free and none being not free. In terms of the population, 88% of Sub-Saharan Africans are only partly free or not free whereas 13% of Europeans are partly free and no country within Europe is considered "not free." Interestingly, two African countries made the list of countries that have seen the greatest net gains in freedom. They are Tunisia and Egypt, both of whom overthrew their authoritarian leaders in the Arab Spring, following decades of repressive rule; hopefully, they will continue in this direction. Freedom House saw the greatest declines in freedom in these countries in respect to the rule of law and freedom of association with other noted declines related to flawed elections, suppression of the political opposition, the media, journalists and civil society; and in my own country, Ethiopia, the use of anti-terrorism laws to target political opponents and journalists.

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