In southern Madagascar, a million people are struggling for food following the worst drought in 30 years. Climate change is not main cause of Madagascar's food insecurity. Poverty, lack of irrigation, COVID-19 impacts were bigger factors
In two consecutive rainy seasons in southern Madagascar rainfall has been 40% below average, causing severe drought, crop failures and a humanitarian crisis, with tens of thousands of people facing famine.
More than 90% of people in the region live in poverty and farmers rely on each season’s rain rather than on stored water and irrigation.
Infestations of locusts and fall armyworms have made the crisis even worse.
Covid-19 restrictions have stopped people seeking work elsewhere in the country, as they have during previous difficulties.